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No monkey business in the Thai coconut industry

Recent claims made by the People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (Peta) that eight Thai coconut farms have been exploiting monkeys by forcing them to pick coconuts for industry are not only false but have hurt small scale farmers who are not involved in Thailand’s coconut industry in any way.

Peta alleged that these farms forced every monkey to harvest up to 1,000 coconuts a day. This accusation is completely false. For such a large-scale operation to be possible, machinery is needed to acquire enough coconuts for processing, which is something monkey labour cannot achieve.

It’s best to begin with how Thais and monkeys coexist. The issue should be understood in Thai cultural context. In many parts of southern Thailand, monkeys are traditionally raised as companions, pets, and family members and thus are trained to pick coconuts for small scale farming for the livelihood of the family. The bond between monkeys and their owners is genuine and undeniable. It is similar to how dogs and eagles are trained to assist in hunting or sports. While the practice of retaining animals for traditional use exists in Thailand, they are not connected to the modern industrial supply chain. Monkeys are intelligent animals and will not respond positively to torture or abuse. Thai society does not tolerate acts of cruelty towards animals and any individual act violating animal welfare laws is strictly enforced in the country.

For this purpose, Thailand has promulgated the Cruelty Prevention and Welfare of Animals Act for this purpose. The Act forbids any act of cruelty to animals without justification. Offenders can be jailed up to two years or face a fine of up to 40,000 baht. Mistreatment of animals can be reported directly to the Division of Animal Welfare and Veterinary Service and Department of Livestock Development. Sections 381 and 382 of the Criminal Code also impose penalties on any act of animal mistreatment. Since the macaque is also a protected species under the Wildlife Conservation and Protection Act, ownership of macaques is strictly controlled and monitored by the Ministry of Natural Resources.

The intentional damage

Thanks to Peta’s accusations, the coconut industry and the livelihood of tens of thousands of innocent local Thai communities and small scale farmers are being victimised and punished for crimes they never committed. In the meantime, the monkeys that Peta claims have been brutally abused in Thailand are not being rescued. Why? Because Peta never mentioned in their claims exactly where and when the atrocities took place. By choosing to withhold such vital information and not reporting on the cases, Peta has also chosen not to allow authorities to investigate and verify these claims, not to save the monkeys, and not to put the real perpetrators to justice.

Instead, Peta has chosen to campaign with consumers’ emotions. Consumers in many countries have therefore pressured importers, distributors and retailers to remove Thai coconut products from their shelves. The two brands that have often been mentioned are “Aroy-D” and “Chaokoh”. Local Thai farmers, despite being disconnected with this industrial supply chain, have had their livelihoods disrupted, as the price of coconuts has fallen markedly.

The Thai Food Processors’ Association (TFPA), with Aroy-D and Chaokoh as its members, have stressed repeatedly that no monkeys were used in harvesting coconuts for the processing of coconut milk. The coconut processing firms have even signed MOUs with their international partners and suppliers to confirm that no monkeys were involved in their supply chain. An auditing process of random inspections has also been put in place to verify this. Moving forward, the TFPA will now implement a stringent traceability system to guarantee there will be no animal mistreatment in the food production process.

Campaigns to promote awareness against animal cruelty has an understandably just cause. But if such campaigns are tainted by an irresponsible generalisation with no facts, how can consumers trust that Peta is driven by genuine intentions especially when their claims have harmed innocent Thai coconut farmers, and suspiciously vet for coconut industries in other parts of the world?


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Mamman Daura’s Monkey-post Meritocracy

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Mamman Daura

By Dr Ugoji Egbujo

Mamman Daura is powerful. His uncle is the president. So when he talks we must listen.  And we must listen because the wife of the president once told us, in many words and rumpled face, that Mamman Daura had an enviable influence on the president.

That was why when Mamman came out from backstage to say that we should discard power rotation and chose the next president on merit many were agitated.

If Mamman Daura were another Buba Galadimma or one other old man from the Northern Elders Forum,  his musings would have caused no consternation. But was Mamman speaking for his taciturn nephew?

Only time will tell. But before it does, it’s important to remind Mamman that the only reason power rotation was adopted was to guarantee the participation of all sections of the country at the highest level of government.

Before power rotation became a convention, only northern Muslims and a strange man-like Abiola could look at the demographics and feel confident of winning the presidency.

Mamman Daura wants power rotation jettisoned because it denies the nation competence where it matters most. He actually said that power rotation had failed. So left to Mamman the nation should be run like the Super eagles where only the best play even if they are all from one womb.

The only difference is that these other political bests will be selected,  not by a sound technical adviser, but by millions of hungry and poorly educated folks.

Mamman Daura’s idea, despite the shortcomings of a democratic leadership selection process mediated by millions of hungry illiterate folks, thuggery and corruption,  is not bad. Mamman must be frustrated too.

This country has had more of its fair share of bad leaders. And if the country prioritized merit, and condemned mediocrity into the dustbin, it could redeem itself.

The only problem, however, is that Mamman is calling us out to play monkey post. In football, monkey post is played on a tiny fraction of the pitch and with a goal post just about 3 feet wide.

Monkey-post is played when either space or numbers needed to play the full pitch is lacking. Why is uncle Mamman canvassing for a monkey-post game?

Let’s play the game, play full pitch.

Nigeria is a country where Quota system and Federal character have had their knees on the neck of merit for decades. The federal government would conduct examinations for admissions into its colleges, and deny a child from Delta admission while admitting children from some states who have scored less than one third the score of the denied  Delta child.

The discrimination against merit happens everywhere. In the military, the spaces for officer training are allocated by state quota, and not by scores. Those who scored poorly are chosen and those who scored highly are left out. Even at the level of becoming army generals, state of origin affects promotions.

I agree with Uncle Mamman, I see where he is coming from.  He now wants competence and merit.

But we must not do things ‘half-half’ and half-heartedly. We must dislodge mediocrity and sectional sentiments through and through. So we must uproot Quota System ad Federal Character first, and immediately.

Yes, Mamman actually wants us to run this country like it were the Super Eagles. So that we can play our best players even if they are from one family and let only the certified best run the Army and the Customs.

I agree with him. Once we are on that path of justice and merit then  Zamfara can keep its Diamond and Bayelsa its oil. Then the  Federal Institutions can close there eyes and chose students with best scores and fill up all the spaces even if they are from one village.

If we start being One Nigeria today, nobody would bother when we choose to be no-more-zoning One Nigeria in 2023.

It’s true  Uncle Mamman, we have to let meritocracy breathe. But it cannot breathe in that tiny 2023 monkey post you are pitching. Let the game begin today and let it begin by a thoroughgoing constitutional amendment. For how long will Quota System, Federal Character and Zoning last?

We can do something to cushion the shock. Since many are afraid of domination, let’s ‘kukuma’ devolve power to the regions. In the regions, surrounded by kinsmen and political kindred spirits, folks would have no trouble accepting the rule of merit.

And those who fear they might never occupy the seat of president will have too much power at home to bother with the effigy, the plumed presidency,  at the centre.

But Uncle Mamman, until we begin to dislodge the knee of quota system and federal character from the neck of meritocracy, any talk about stopping power rotation will be deceitful. My people have a funny way of telling a man not to mess with their heads. They simply remind the man that human beings are not cows: mmadu aburo efi.

In 2023, power has to shift South. And when it comes south, it has to go to the part of the south yet to be accommodated in the rotation equation that began in  1999.

But if scales have fallen off the eyes of Nigeria, and we are now earnestly desirous of becoming One nation, then let’s begin in 2020,  by discarding quota system and federal character, devolving power to the regions and allowing resource control. That’s how to play full pitch Meritocracy.

Otherwise, in 2023, power has to go south, because mmadu aburo efi !

VANGUARD

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Pandemic throws a ’monkey wrench’ into hurricane planning

To the usual hurricane mantra of “run from the water and hide from the wind” emergency planners this year have added “wash your hands, wear a mask and social distance” while you’re at it.

“We are in a new and ever changing time as we face a hurricane season that’s not only predicted to be a busy one, but it’s also occurring in conjunction with a worldwide epidemic, so it creates some unique challenges for us for this year,” Chatham Emergency Management Agency Director Dennis Jones told an online hurricane preparedness conference Thursday.

“COVID has thrown a monkey wrench into all hurricane planning not only for us, but for all the partners who are on today,” he said. “So, you know, we’ve got this issue of social distancing and personal protective equipment, and making sure that people are safe from that threat as well as the hurricane threat.”

As he spoke, CEMA had already begun monitoring Tropical Storm Isaias, which is predicted to skirt Savannah.

In particular, the pandemic has forced changes to Chatham’s evacuation and shelter practices, Jones said.

Evacuation Assembly

When a mandatory evacuation order is issued, CEMA coordinates the opening of the County’s Evacuation Assembly Area at the Savannah Civic Center. From there, residents who lack their own reliable transportation board buses and travel to inland shelters.

For Hurricane Matthew in 2016, about 2,500 people took advantage of the service, waiting together at the Civic Center and leaving for Augusta as buses filled up.

At the Civic Center, emergency managers will try to maintain a physical distance between families or small groups, Jones said.

“I’m not sure how successful that would be,” he said. “But we have a strategy that we’re going to try and attempt to put into place to make sure that we’re doing prudent measures on our part as much as possible to ensure that happens.

This year, CEMA has contracted for twice as many buses to avoid crowding.

“They will be equipped at half capacity. So if we can usually fit 50 people, we’re going to be fitting 25,” said CEMA’s Community Outreach Coordinator Chelsea Sawyer. “But you know, that comes with a heavy price tag and additional time. And those are both things that we have to definitely take into consideration.”

When evacuees arrive at the Civic Center, they won’t be screened for COVID symptoms, Jones said. That would slow the process too much.

“So what we’ve decided to do is we will just expect that everybody has COVID and we will treat them as if they have COVID,” Jones told the Chatham County Commission in June. “Which means we give everybody personal protective equipment, a mask or a face shield if they have difficulties breathing through a mask, we can do that. We have extra sanitation supplies.”

Typically the Assembly Area opens 36 to 42 hours before the arrival of tropical storm force winds. This year, CEMA is adding four hours to that process.

As usual, Chatham Area Transit will provide free rides to the EAA from any established CAT bus stops during this time period. Residents can also walk to the Civic Center or can be dropped off.

Don’t wait for the last minute and do pack your patience if you want to use the publicly-assisted evacuation, Sawyer advised.

“It’s gonna be challenging no matter how we look at it,” she said. “Hurricane season during a public health pandemic is going to be a challenge.”

Shelters

Chatham County doesn’t usually operate hurricane shelters in the county and won’t this year either.

“The reason why is our storm surge potential is so great,” Jones said. “With a major category storm we have a 95 to 98% coverage of storm surge — that’s in some form or fashion throughout our community. So with any storm, we want to get people out of Chatham County, we send them to a host community.”

The Augusta area has acted as a host community in the past, but they can’t accommodate all of Chatham’s evacuees this year.

“So if we are planning for 2,500, and we normally send those 2,500 to one community, now that community can only take 500 or 70, or 750,” Jones said. “So we have to find other communities in which to send our population.”

He’s eyeing a state program called the 50-55 plan, which aims to be able to shelter 50,000 people in 50 communities for five days.

“So I’m hopeful that through that plan, they will be able to assist us in augmenting that evacuating population,” he said.

Both the Red Cross and the Centers for Disease Control have issued new rules about how shelters will operate to avoid COVID outbreaks, including a cap of 50 evacuees per shelter and an isolation area where individuals who have symptoms of Covid will be cared for by trained medical personnel.

“Opening more shelters, with smaller populations, will help make it easier to comply with social distancing protocols,” said Maria Center, Executive Director of the Southeast Georgia Chapter of the American Red Cross.

Sanitation practices will be beefed up, too.

“We will work with local officials to set up a health screening process for everyone coming into a shelter, provide masks, add additional space between cots, and use enhanced cleaning and disinfecting practices, including additional handwashing stations.”

Chatham evacuees are likely to be spread out among half a dozen communities.

“In the past, we’ve been able to send our evacuating public to one or two communities, now we may have to go to six or seven,” Jones said. “And just making sure that everybody gets back to their home whenever we’re ready to bring our community back is going to be challenging.”

In the Houston, Texas area, emergency managers are looking at options to traditional congregate shelters like high school gyms set up with cots.

“We’ve been working with our partners from the counties surrounding us and also working with the Red Cross talking about looking at non-congregate sheltering options, so hotels, possibly even dorms,” Cory Stottlemyer, public information officer for the office of Houston Emergency Management told the online hurricane conference.

Stottlemyer suggested some in his community might evacuate just tens of miles this year instead of hundreds. Chatham will use a combination of options, relying on help from private partners, local public partners and the state, Jones said.

“We’re going to have to use congregate sheltering. We’re gonna have to use non-congregate sheltering. We’re going to have to encourage people to stay with family members,” he said. “There may be some situations where we encourage people to shelter in place.”

Hurricane registry

County health departments in coastal Georgia, including Chatham’s, operate a hurricane registry for residents with certain healthcare conditions who may need transportation or medical assistance and have no resources such as family members, neighbors, or friends to help them evacuate if a hurricane is threatening. Residents must apply to be on the registry with an application and instructions available on the health department website at https://bit.ly/hurricaneregistry.

As of Thursday, Chatham’s registry had 206 names on it.

“Typically, if there’s a storm or something like that, that number goes up dramatically, Tammi Brown of the Chatham County Health Department told the Chatham County Commission in June. Those with medical needs are transported to a medical facility. The others have functional or access needs.

“So they might need help with their activities of daily living, bathing, eating, dressing, but they could still maintain some level of independence in the shelter,” Brown said.

Typically the cutoff for the registry is 72 hours before the arrival of tropical storm force winds.

“That allows us to make sure we have the adequate resources in place to handle those who have pre- registered,” Jones told the commission. “And then any last minute call-ins, we handle those individually on a case-by-case basis through the Emergency Operations Center.”

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The Bronx Zoo has finally apologised for putting a young African man on display in the Monkey House more than a century after his abuse

  • The Bronx Zoo has apologised for racist exhibits that plague its history, including putting a young black man on display in a monkey exhibit in 1906.
  • It also apologised for bigoted actions, attitudes, and pseudoscientific writings from the early 1900s.
  • The Bronx Zoo is not the only zoo that at one time hosted shockingly racist exhibits involving black men and women.
  • “We deeply regret that many people and generations have been hurt by these actions or by our failure previously to publicly condemn and denounce them,” the zoo said in a statement.
  • Visit Insider’s homepage for more stories.

Black ministers were outraged in 1906 when the Bronx Zoo placed a young man from Central Africa in its Monkey House.

Reverend James Gordon “quickly brought the disgraceful incident to an end” when he arranged for the man, Ota Benga, to stay at an orphanage in Brooklyn.

Unable to return home to the Mbuti people in the present-day Democratic Republic of Congo, Benga ended up working at a Virginia tobacco factory until he took his own life a decade later.

Benga’s story was recounted in a statement Wednesday from the Wildlife Conservation Society where officials apologised for the organisation’s racist past.

“We deeply regret that many people and generations have been hurt by these actions or by our failure previously to publicly condemn and denounce them,” the statement said.

The organisation, which runs the Bronx Zoo, as well as other zoos in New York City, has made all known records related to Benga available online.

Benga wasn’t the only Black man or woman who was exploited by zoos or for scientific racism.

Saartjie “Sara” Baartman, a South African Khoikhoi woman, was one of several from her region who, because of the size of their butts, were exhibited as freak show attractions in 19th-century Europe under the name “Hottentot Venus.”

Her body’s proportions were ridiculed by onlookers, and she eventually died in poverty. After Baartman died, her remains were put on display for public viewing up until the 1970s.

In addition to the abuse of Benga, the Bronx Zoo also condemned the “eugenics-based, pseudoscientific racism” that was promoted by two of its founders, Madison Grant and Henry Fairfield Osborn Sr.

“We recognise that overt and systemic racism persists, and our institution must play a greater role to confront it,” the statement from WCS said. “As the United States addresses its legacy of anti-Black racism and the brutal killings that have led to mass protests around the world, we reaffirm our commitment to ensuring that social, racial, and environmental justice are deep-rooted in our conservation mission.”

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J and J vaccine cures monkey in a single shot

J and J vaccine cures monkey in a single shot

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Bronx Zoo apologises for exhibiting African man in monkey house in 1906

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The Bronx Zoo has apologised for exhibiting an African man alongside monkeys in 1906, in what zoo officials dubbed a “reckoning with our past”.

The Wildlife Conservation Society (WSC), which operates the Bronx Zoo, said in a public statement on Thursday that it had re-examined its history since protests against systemic racism were sparked by the death of George Floyd, a black man, in police custody in May.

“In the name of equality, transparency, and accountability, we must confront our organisation’s historic role in promoting racial injustice as we advance our mission to save wildlife and wild places,” said WSC.

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In an admission, the zoo’s operators said they had historically demonstrated “unconscionable racial intolerance” in the treatment of a young Central African man named Ota Benga.

Benga was from the Mbuti people of present-day Democratic Republic of Congo, and was transported to the United States in 1904, according to reports.

Over several days in September 1906, Benga went on display in an exhibit inside the zoo’s Monkey House.

The exhibit, which was spearheaded by then Bronx Zoo director William Hornaday, was eventually forced to close when local black ministers criticised the zoo’s actions.

“Robbed of his humanity and unable to return home, Ota Benga tragically took his life a decade later,” added WSC.

The public apology marks the first time the institution, which was founded in 1895, has formally apologised for the treatment of Benga.

WSC also apologised on Thursday for “bigoted actions and attitudes in the early 1900s toward non-whites — especially African Americans, Native Americans and immigrants”

Ota Benga (Library of Congress)

An apology was also issued over the writings of two WSC founders, Madison Grant and Henry Fairfield Osborn, Sr, who helped found the American Eugenics Society in 1926.

“Specifically, we denounce the eugenics-based, pseudoscientific racism, writings, and philosophies advanced by many people during that era, including two of our founders,” said WSC.

Grant’s book “The Passing of the Great Race,” which included an excerpt from Osborn, had been used by a defendant in the Nuremberg trials into crimes committed by the Nazis, said WSC.

The WSC announced plans in a letter to staff on Juneteenth, the annual holiday marking the end of slavery in the US, to research its past and provide more details.

The apologies come as the society marks its 125th birthday this year.

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Despite an unexpected monkey wrench, now is the time to install the July Windows and Office patches

The folks at Microsoft have pretty much exterminated the bugs they introduced in July’s patches. The Outlook-killing bug got fixed by an emergency update to Microsoft’s own servers. The Win7 .NET patch was fixed and re-released nine days after paying Win7 Extended Security customers started bellyaching.  

The odd problem this month comes in the form of “optional, non-security, C/D Week” preview patches, which install in odd and inconsistent ways. You don’t want the Previews. But avoiding them isn’t as easy as it should be.

Microsoft still hasn’t fixed the reboot race condition that leads to “missing” data (which isn’t really missing at all, just relocated to a completely inscrutable location), but that problem is well understood now. It’s just a pain.

Here’s how to get caught up.

Make a full backup

Make a full system image backup before you install the latest patches.

There’s a non-zero chance that the patches – even the latest, greatest patches of patches of patches — can hose your machine. So it’s best to have a backup that you can reinstall even if your machine refuses to boot. This is in addition to the usual need for System Restore points.

There are plenty of full-image backup products, including at least two good free ones: Macrium Reflect Free and EaseUS Todo Backup

Install the latest Win10 June Cumulative Update

If you haven’t yet moved to Win10 version 1909 (in the Windows search box type winver and hit Enter), I recommend you do so. The bugs in version 1903 are largely replicated in 1909 and vice-versa, so there’s very little reason to hold off on making the switch – although, admittedly, there’s almost nothing worthwhile that’s new in version 1909. I have detailed instructions for moving to 1909 here.

If you’re running Win10 version 2004, bless yer heart and thanks for joining the ranks of the unpaid beta testers. Please keep us apprised of any problems on AskWoody.

To get the latest July Cumulative Update installed, click Start > Settings > Update & Security. If you see a Resume updates box (see screenshot), click on it.

1909 updates paused 2020 08Microsoft

That’s all you need to do. Windows, in its infinite wisdom, will install the July Cumulative Update at its own pace. If you don’t see a Resume updates box, you already have the July Cumulative update and you’re good to go.

If you see an offer to Download and install the “Feature update to Windows 10, version 2004” (see preceding screenshot), ignore it. Studiously.

A little warning: If you’re running Win10 1903 or 1909, had Updates paused and clicked on Resume updates, you’ll also install a Potentially Unwanted Program known as KB 4562900, the July 21, 2020 Cumulative Update Previews for .NET Framework 3.5 and 4.8. You can see it, after Windows Update is done rebooting, by going into the Update History pane (Start > Settings > Update & Security > View update history) as shown in the next screenshot. 

1909 net framework preview installedMicrosoft

As of this moment, I haven’t seen any complaints of bugs in that .NET Framework Preview, so it looks like you’ll be OK installing it. Avoiding that particular Preview is more trouble than it’s worth.

Susan Bradley bumped into an unexpected situation, where a Win10 version 1903 machine offered the .NET Framework Preview, with a Download button (screenshot below). If you see that Download button, breathe a sigh of relief, and don’t click Download. 

1903 net framework preview offeredMicrosoft

Blame it all on Windows Update’s bifurcated mess. Stick to these instructions, though, and your machine should turn out OK, with or without an unwanted .NET Preview.

Win10 problems you may hit, and how to handle them

When your machine comes back up for air, don’t panic if your desktop doesn’t look right, or you can’t log in to your usual account. You’ve been bit by the “temporary profile” bug, which we’ve known about – and complained about – for months. Try restarting your machine four or five times; the bug may go away. We have three separate threads on AskWoody about solving the problem [1, 2, 3] and if you need additional help, you can always post a question. (Thx @PKCano.)

If you have a USB-attached printer and Windows can’t see it, look at Knowledge Base article 4566779: “If you connect a USB printer to Windows 10 version 1903 or later, then shut down Windows and disconnect or shut off the printer, when you start Windows again the USB printer port will not be available in the list of printer ports.”

The solution? Turn on the printer before you power up Windows.

While you’re mucking about with Windows Update, it wouldn’t hurt to Pause updates, to take you out of the direct line of fire the next time Microsoft releases a buggy bunch of patches. Click Start > Settings > Update & Security. Click “Pause updates for 7 days.” Next, click on the newly revealed link, which says “Pause updates for 7 more days,” four more times. That pauses all updates for 35 days, until early September. With a little luck that’ll be long enough for Microsoft to fix any bugs it introduces in August, so you can skip the drama. 

Patch Win7, Win8.1, or associated Servers

If you’ve paid for Win7 Extended Security Updates and you’re having trouble getting them installed, Microsoft has an article called Troubleshoot issues in Extended Security Updates that may be of help. We’re also fielding questions on AskWoody. 

If you’ve paid Microsoft for Extended Security Updates and can’t get them to install, make sure you follow all of the steps at the bottom of KB 4561643, the May Monthly Rollup Knowledge Base article. In particular, you need to install all outstanding updates, then get the Servicing Stack Update installed (expect a new Servicing Stack every month), before the July patch will appear. Microsoft just released a new Servicing Stack Update, but it now appears as if you won’t need it until the November patches roll out.

If you’ve paid and had problems installing the July .NET patch KB 4565636, try, try again. Microsoft re-released the patch and it seems to be installing correctly.

Windows 8.1 continues to be the most stable version of Windows around. To get this month’s puny Monthly Rollup installed, follow AKB 2000004: How to apply the Win7 and 8.1 Monthly Rollups. You should have one Windows patch, dated July 14 (the Patch Tuesday patch). No, you don’t want the Preview of Monthly Rollup.

After you’ve installed the latest Monthly Rollup, if you’re intent on minimizing Microsoft’s snooping, run through the steps in AKB 2000007: Turning off the worst Win7 and 8.1 snooping. If you want to thoroughly cut out the telemetry, see @abbodi86’s detailed instructions in AKB 2000012: How To Neutralize Telemetry and Sustain Windows 7 and 8.1 Monthly Rollup Model.

Whether you’ve paid for Extended Security Updates or not, if you connect to Windows Update in Win7 or Win8.1, Microsoft’s going to push its latest, greatest version of the Chrome-based Edge browser onto your machine. The new Microsoft Edge icon (which is a surly-swirly version of the old one) shows up on the taskbar. Internet Explorer is still there, but you have one more choice.

No, Microsoft isn’t giving away free security patches for Win7. But they’re sure giving away free Chredges. 

Thanks to the dozens of volunteers on AskWoody who contribute mightily, especially @sb, @PKCano, @abbodi86 and many others.

We’ve moved to MS-DEFCON 3 on the AskWoody Lounge.

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Bronx Zoo Org Apologizes for Putting African Man in Monkey House in 1906

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Video of playful 2-month-old colobus monkey is too cute to handle

Is the video cute? Yes! Is the video interesting? Yes! Is there a chance that the video will make you smile? A big yes! Wondering what we’re talking about? It’s a video which showcases the playful antics of a two-month-old colobus monkey and it’s winning people over.

Shared on Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden’s official Facebook page, the video showcases a two months old monkey named Pheobe. Throughout the clip, the little one keeps on jumping and roaming around its enclosure. At one point it even jumps on the shoulder of an adult monkey.

Shared with the caption “Pheobe the 2-month-old colobus monkey is a hand-full these days”, it won’t be wrong to say that this 26-second-long clip makes for a delightful watch.

Since being shared about 22 hours ago, the video has already gathered over 73,000 views – and the numbers are only increasing. It has also collected more than 4,500 reactions and tons of comments. People were more than delighted to watch the video and they expressed the same in the comments section of the post.

“Such a cutie,” wrote a Facebook user. There were many who expressed the same notion and we can see why they think like that. Truth be told, the little monkey is absolutely adorable.

“So cute. Wants mom’s attention I think. Just like children do,” expressed another. “Naughty child, but absolutely sweet,” said a third. “Hilarious,” commented a fourth.

What do you think of the video?

Also Read | Gudiya the baby rhino starts grazing, video is all kinds of adorable

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J&J Covid-19 vaccine protected monkey in single shot

A leading candidate of Covid-19 vaccine developed by global healthcare company Johnson & Johnson raised neutralising antibodies and robustly protected monkeys against SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes Covid-19.

“This vaccine led to robust protection against SARS-CoV-2 in rhesus macaques and is now being evaluated in humans,” said study researcher Dan H. Barouch from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) in the US.

The vaccine uses a common cold virus, called adenovirus serotype 26 (Ad26), to deliver the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein into host cells, where it stimulates the body to raise immune responses against the coronavirus.

Barouch has been working on the development of a Covid-19 vaccine since January when Chinese scientists released the SARS-CoV-2 genome.

The research team developed a series of vaccine candidates designed to express different variants of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein, which is the major target for neutralizing antibodies.

They conducted a study in 52 NHPs, immunizing 32 adult rhesus macaques (monkeys) with a single dose of one of seven different versions of the Ad26-based vaccine, and giving 20 animals sham vaccines as placebo controls.

All vaccinated animals developed neutralizing antibodies following immunization. Six weeks after the immunization, all animals were exposed to SARS-CoV-2.

All 20 animals that received the sham vaccine became infected and showed high levels of virus in their lungs and nasal swabs.

Of the six animals that received the optimal vaccine candidate, Ad26.COV2.S, none showed the virus in their lungs, and only one animal showed low levels of virus in nasal swabs.

Moreover, neutralizing antibody responses correlated with protection, suggesting that this biomarker will be useful in the clinical development of COVID-19 vaccines for use in humans.

“Our data show that a single immunization with Ad26.COV2.S robustly protected rhesus macaques against SARS-CoV-2 challenge,” said Barouch.

“A single-shot immunization has practical and logistical advantages over a two-shot regimen for global deployment and pandemic control, but a two-shot vaccine will likely be more immunogenic, and thus both regimens are being evaluated in clinical trials,” Barouch added.

“We look forward to the results of the clinical trials that will determine the safety and immunogenicity, and ultimately the efficacy, of the Ad26.COV2.S vaccine in humans,” the authors wrote.

The team also noted that the Ad26.COV2.S vaccine is on track to start a phase 3 efficacy trial in 30,000 participants in September.

–IANS